Garagem Sul | Architecture Exhibitions
Food Supply: taking both sides
What we eat is arguably one of the strongest determinants of space, landscape and architectural structures and is a phenomenon which bridges different eras and multiple scales. Agriculture is at the centre of political and economic structures, community interactions and land management — agriculture was, after all, the reason why cities arose, in a centuries-long interaction that facilitated the development of modern civilisation itself. It is through food that geography and its potential are celebrated, that history is incorporated into tangible and intangible culture and that bonds are created between people of different generations, cultural backgrounds and incomes. Food is our common ground.
However, current urban food systems are one of the main drivers of environmental destruction, negatively impacting land use, reducing biodiversity, exhausting and polluting water resources, and emitting a significant amount of greenhouse gases. On the other hand, cities — the main form of human habitat today — also pose challenges for environmental preservation and natural resource management in relation to their underlying economic and social dynamics. Nonetheless, cities aggregate huge intellectual and economic resources, openness to new behaviours and political power and will play a key role in our the future.
The interdependence between the urban and the rural has existed for significantly longer than the period prior to their mutual reliance. Therefore, in a context of growing world urbanisation, changing diets and lifestyles and with the growing threat of climate change, it is urgent to rethink the interaction between the city and its surroundings, the countryside, not as two antagonistic realities, but according to a dynamic of complementarity, in which the greatest potential for transformation may reside for the resolution of our current planetary challenges.
Linking past and future, tradition and innovation, can the interrelationship between cities and food production become the key to a more balanced and enriching future in which the challenges we face as a species are met?
17:15 — Guests
Carla Amado Gomes
Henrique Pereira dos Santos
18h30 — Guests
City and countryside evolved together. The agricultural resources of the hinterlands influenced the location of our cities, their manner of development, the size they attained, and the physical and commercial relations they maintained with their surrounding regions. Cities and their inhabitants have had a deep impact on the landscape of territories near and far. With industrialisation processes, a physical and conceptual departure arose between these realities. The relationship between the human being and the natural world was transformed, manifesting in new attitudes, writings, works and even legislative documents.
The first part of this debate will deal with this joint evolution of two complementary realities and their present situation, questioning which paths may be opened for the future.
With the changing relationship between the city and its productive surroundings, urban metabolism itself was transformed, becoming translated into linear flows of materials, energy and nutrients that impact global systems. We have witnessed unprecedented urban sprawl and the transformation of the logic of internal organisation itself, processes which are still developing. At the same time, the very ability to feed urban populations is under question, including the potential economic, environmental, and social costs of this challenge for the planet.
This second part of this debate will discuss the processes that have triggered these transformations and what challenges — and solutions — cities will have to explore in the future.
Lisbon, 1942. Geographer and Urbanist, Professor Emeritus, University of Lisbon, Assistant of ESBAL, Visiting Professor at the Higher Technical Institute and Universities of Umeå and Paris X. Coordinated research in Geography, Planning and Urbanism (EU, ESF, VW STIFTUNG, FCG, INIC/JNICT/FCT). Around 300 published works. President of the Letters class of the Lisbon Academy of Sciences and member of the Europaea Academy; Honorary Doctor from the Universities of León, Genève and Évora. University of Lisbon Award, Geocrítica Award, Ministry of Science Medal of Merit, Gold Medal Municipality of Alvito, GOOIDH.
Carla Amado Gomes
Professor at the Faculty of Law of the University of Lisbon. Visiting Professor at the Faculty of Law of the Catholic University of Porto. Researcher at the Public Law Research Centre (CIDP). Carla Amado Gomes has published work — monographs, articles and notes of jurisprudence — in the areas of Administrative Law, Administrative Procedural Law, Constitutional Law, Constitutional Procedural Law, Environmental Law, Energy Law, Cultural Heritage Law, Education Law, Parliamentary Law and Law of the European Union.
Henrique Pereira dos Santos
Henrique Pereira dos Santos is married and is the father of four children. He has worked in protected areas and nature conservation for more than thirty years, including in the planning and management of protected areas and Rede Natura 2000. He has studied the evolution of the rural landscape of mainland Portugal in the 20th century and its relationship with the dynamics of biodiversity. He is the author of the books “Do tempo e da paisagem”, “O gosto de Sicó” and “Portugal: paisagem rural”.
Landscape Architect, PhD, Researcher at the Institute of Social Sciences (ICS) / University of Lisbon and Visiting Professor at the Autonomous University of Barcelona. Her research is focused on the qualification and valorisation of territory through landscape, especially in relation to food system planning, the implementation of natural based solutions in urban and rural contexts and the definition of landscape co-management strategies with special natural and cultural interest. She is the founder and coordinator of Loccimetro - Consultoria em Inovação Territorial.
Samuel Niza holds a PhD in Environmental Engineering and has over twenty years of experience working in industrial ecology and corporate sustainability. He has coordinated and developed numerous environmental and energy assessment projects, focusing particularly on sustainable resource management and the life cycle of products and services. He also has extensive experience in regional planning projects and in environmental policy development. He is the founder and executive director of Circular - Consultoria em Sustentabilidade.
Rita Folgosa is a geographer, coordinator of the Working Group for the Promotion of Urban Agriculture in the City of Lisbon (since 2010), member of the Working Group for Lisbon European Green Capital 2020, Advisor for city councillor José Sá Fernandes (Green Structure and Energy) — Lisbon City Council.
Mariana Sanchez Salvador (moderator)
Mariana Sanchez Salvador is a Portuguese architect and researcher at DINÂMIA'CET-IUL. She worked at Carrilho da Graça Arquitectos studio, where she collaborated on numerous projects. Her research focuses on how the spaces we inhabit — from the city to the house — are transformed by the food we eat and by food-related activities. She is the author of national and international publications, and has been invited to give several lectures and interviews on the subject. She was awarded the Architect Quelhas dos Santos Prize for Best Masters Dissertation in Architecture (FA-UL), which was published under the title “Arquitectura e Comensalidade: uma história da casa através das práticas culinárias” (Caleidoscópio, 2016). She is currently developing her PhD thesis in Urban Studies, about the Foodscape of Lisbon, at ISCTE-IUL and FCSH-UNL, in Lisbon, supported by a PhD Fellowship awarded by the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT).